SC (Sportclub in full) Freiburg is a professional football club from the Baden-Württemberg region of southern Germany, whose history can be traced back to 1904. It was in that year that Freiburger Fußballverein 04 were formed.
Two months later FC Schwalbe Freiburg was born. They changed their name to FC Mars in 1905 and then Union Freiburg in 1906, while FV 04 Freiburg became Sportverein Freiburg 04 in 1909. The two separate clubs merged together in 2012 to form Sportclub Freiburg.
After World War One the club met an arrangement with Freiburger FC to play under the name KSG Freiburg to be able to field a full team. In 1919 SCF made an association with another local club FT 1844 Freiburg until 1928 when they left to enter a ground share arrangement with PSV (Polizeisportvereins) Freiburg 1924.
Two years later SCF were back with their old allies FT 1844 as PSV disbanded. In 1928 SC Freiburg reached the Bezirksliga Baden at their first home of the Winterer-Stadion and then the Gauliga Baden, which was one of sixteen top level leagues introduced by the ruling Third Reich. However, SCF were relegated in 1934. Two years later the club had to abandon their stadium as it was required for an airstrip for Luftwaffe.
Following the end of World War Two the club were forced to change their name to remove any connection to the Nazi era. SC Freiburg became VfL Freiburg until 1950, when they were permitted to reclaim their identity. Two years later the club cut its ties once again with FT 1844 Freiburg as they played their football in the Amateurliga Südbaden.
In 1954 the club was given some land to the east of the city where they settled with the ground being named Dreisamstadion. Stands were erected on the south side in 1970.
Although the lesser club to neighbours Freiburger FC, SCF continued to build momentum and by 1978-79 they had reached 2. Bundesliga. A new Main Stand and expansions were added to celebrate to take the capacity of Dreisamstadion up to 15,000.
The 1992-93 season saw SC Freiburg promoted to the top flight for the first time as champions of 2. Bundesliga under head coach Volker Finke. After a close shave with relegation in their first season, they finished third in their second attempt. The club gained the nickname of Breisgau-Brasilianer (the Brazilians of Breisgau) at that time.
In 1995 SC Freiburg played in Europe for the first time as they qualified for the UEFA Cup. However, they went out in the first round to Slavia Praha. Within two years the team were relegated, but fought back at the first attempt. A new South Stand was erected to the stadium at the same time.
In 2001 the club had another taste of the UEFA Cup. This time they defeated MŠK Púchov and St Gallen before bowing out to Feyenoord in the third round. Unfortunately once again this led to relegation the following campaign, but once again they retained their status at the first attempt.
SCF continued in the top flight until 2005-06. On 20 May 2007, Volker Finke resigned as the club's coach after sixteen years in the job. Robin Dutt was the new incumbent into the job. Promotion was secured once again in May 2009. Christian Streich took over first team duties in 2012 as relegation looked on the cards.
SC Freiburg finished the 2013-14 season in fifth place to qualify for the Europa League. Had they beaten FC Schalke 04 on the final day of the season they’d have made the Champions League places. As it was their continental soiree ended with a third place in the group stage against Estoril, Slovan Liberec and Sevilla.
In February 2015 the citizens of Freiburg were asked to take place in a referendum to decide on whether the club should move to a new stadium. The vote was in favour of a new stadium at Wolfswinkel near to Freiburg's municipal airport.
To see a clip from inside the ground prior to kick off, go to: